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Use and characteristics of the American Standardbred
It’s not surprising that American Standardbreds look like Thoroughbreds, for horses of that breed played an important part in their creation. Purchasers buy an American Standardbred because its quality represents the work of generations of skilful breeding. Most vendors sell an American Standardbred for harness racing, which is a very popular sport in the USA. Many people consider that they make great riding horses too, as they are strong and hardy with immense stamina. They are also recommended for their easy-going nature and intelligence. They vary from pony-sized to 17 hands high (68 inches/173 cm), averaging 15.2 hands (62 inches/157 cm), with an average weight of around 1,000 lb/454 kg. They are long-bodied horses with powerful hindquarters. Coat colours are mostly bay, black and brown, though all solid colours are accepted.
Origin and history of breeding American Standardbreds
Standardbreds are a great American equine success story. Their modern history began when informal harness racing began to take on a more official structure in the late 18th century. The sport still has a big following today; the United States Trotting Association (USTA) has nearly 16,000 members. The founding father of the breed is often claimed to be a grey Thoroughbred with Norfolk Trotter ancestry named Messenger, who arrived in the USA in 1788. However, the true story of the Standardbred began earlier, with the gaited riding horses that were brought to the east coast by settlers from the British Isles. Many gaited horses were very comfortable to ride and soon new gaited breeds such as the Narragansett Pacer and Canadian Pacer began to emerge in North America. Despite the names, they tended to have four-beat gaits. However, fast trotting races under saddle were also popular from the early days onward. Horses that were true pacers, that had a lateral movement in which the legs on each side moved forward together, were usually even faster than the trotters. The Dutch brought horses that were stronger and stockier, and these too were added to the mix of the emerging harness horses for strength. Thanks to this, even today, the Standardbred is noticeably more powerful than the Thoroughbred. Norfolk Trotters, Hackneys, and Morgans would also contribute until, in 1849, one of the greatest sires in the history of the breed was foaled. This was Hambletonian, a descendant of Messenger, who would bring great fame to his owner William Rysdyk. His story is often described as miraculous; his mother was an injured mare who was saved from death and his father was considered a reject stallion!
American Standardbreds in equestrianism
Many Standardbreds go on to be valued riding horses after a career in harness racing. They can acquire gaits other than pacing or trotting, and some have a natural stepping gait. They have contributed to many other famous harness breeds such as the modern Russian Trotter.